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Group IV & VAO Syllabus

GENERAL STUDIES (PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION)

Unit ­I. General science

Physics: Nature of Universe-General Scientific laws-Inventions and discoveries-National scientific laboratories-Mechanics and properties of matter-Physical quantities, standards and units-Force, motion and energy- Magnetism, electricity and electronics -Heat, light and sound

Chemistry: Elements and Compounds-Acids, bases and salts-Fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides

Botany: Main Concepts of life science-Classification of living organism- Nutrition and dietetics-Respiration

Zoology: Blood and blood circulation-Reproductive system-Environment, ecology, health and hygiene-Human diseases including communicable and non – communicable diseases - prevention and remedies-Animals, plants and human life

Unit ­II. Current Events

History: Latest diary of events-national -National symbols-Profile of States- Eminent persons & places in news-Sports & games-Books & authors - Awards & honors’-India and its neighbors

Political Science-1: Problems in conduct of public elections-2. Political parties and political system in India-3: Public awareness & General administration-4. Welfare oriented govt. schemes, their utility

Geography: Geographical landmarks

Economics: Current socio-economic problems

Science: Latest inventions on science & technology

Unit III. Geography

Earth and Universe-Solar system-Monsoon, rainfall, weather & climate- Water resources - rivers in India-Soil, minerals & natural resources-Forest & wildlife-Agricultural pattern-Transport including surface transport & communication-Social geography – population-density and distribution- Natural calamities – Disaster Management.

Unit IV. History and culture of India.

Indus valley civilization-Guptas, Delhi Sultans, Mughals and Marathas-Age of Vijayanagaram and the bahmanis-South Indian history-Culture and Heritage of Tamil people-India since independence-Characteristics of Indian culture- Unity in diversity –race, colour, language, custom-India-as secular state- Growth of rationalist, Dravidian movement in TN-Political parties and populist schemes.

UNIT­ V. INDIAN POLITY

Constitution of India--Preamble to the constitution- Salient features of constitution- Union, state and territory- Citizenship-rights amend duties- Fundamental rights- Fundamental duties- Human rights charter- Union legislature – Parliament- State executive- State Legislature – assembly- Local government – panchayat raj – Tamil Nadu- Judiciary in India – Rule of law/Due process of law-Elections- Official language and Schedule-VIII- Corruption in public life- Anti-corruption measures –CVC, lok-adalats, Ombudsman, CAG - Right to information- Empowerment of women- Consumer protection forms.

UNIT­ VI. INDIAN ECONOMY

Nature of Indian economy- Five-year plan models-an assessment-Land reforms & agriculture-Application of science in agriculture-Industrial growth- Rural welfare oriented programmers-Social sector problems – population, education, health, employment, poverty-Economic trends in Tamil Nadu.

UNIT-VI. INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT

National renaissance-Emergence of national leaders-Gandhi, Nehru, Tagore- Different modes of agitations-Role of Tamil Nadu in freedom struggle Rajaji, VOC, Periyar, Bharathiar & others.

UNIT­ VII. APTITUDE & MENTAL ABILITY TESTS

Conversion of information to data-Collection, compilation and presentation of data - Tables, graphs, diagrams -Analytical interpretation of data - Simplification-Percentage-Highest Common Factor (HCF)-Lowest Common Multiple (LCM)-Ratio and Proportion-Simple interest-Compound interest- Area-Volume-Time and Work-Logical Reasoning-Puzzles-Dice-Visual Reasoning-Alpha numeric Reasoning-Number Series.

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